055.construction staging

3.6.3. Construction Staging
The following figures show the evolution of the growing Mars community in terms of people. Gen II will increase its population by adding new rings to existing city. Some bigger constructions will become milestones for the city development and will provide social reference points.

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Because of the different functions, the density in the different parts of the city is very variable. The industrial areas are less dense areas both in construction acreage and population, while the residential areas are very dense. In Gen II new types of rings will be developed and some of them will be built with fulfilling structures that will increase the density even more.

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054.transportation system

3.6.2. Transportation system
Transportation around Gen II stands on what was said for Gen1.5 but it is increased in two levels.
· Major rings appear surrounding the growing pattern of the basic rings. These new rings provide faster transportation from one side to another of the city and would implement faster transportation systems such as multiple lane highways on the surface and either elevated tramway on the surface of underground subway below surface.
· Interior two-lane roads would be built straightly crossing the settlement: they would provide with fast connections inside the new order of bigger rings and would bring access to the earlier smaller rings.

Public services will be developed in order to provide with common transportation around the settlement both as tramway/subway or electrical buses. Private transportation will also be developed in the shape of electrical cars and scouters. Pedestrian and bycicle paths will be implemented and emphasized since the begining.

The following drawing shows a close-up of one of the new „neighbohods”  around the new scaled transportation rings:

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053.general configuration

3.6.1. General configuration
Gen II increased the size of Gen1.5 in about 100 times. The project intended to implement the growing scheme developed in Gen1.5 in this larger community. In order to do it, two major decisions are taken in the development of the general configuration for the Gen II settlement:
· The ring strategy is scaled by adding new rings in a certain pattern but also by increasing the size of some of them that will house special functions. Bigger transportation rings will surround the smaller rings.
· The project couldn’t develop new typologies of building that would surely appear during the years. Instead of that, the project has simulated a growing considering the archetypes developed for Gen1.5 but understanding that there will be also a scaling factor in the buildings size. Therefore, some rings will have buildings that fulfill their surface.

Large attention is put into the need for arriving to any part of the settlement with heavy machinery. In this direction, the rings are set up in a pattern that always leaves empty areas to go into the more crowded areas. The areas closer to these “natural” empty spaces are principally dedicated to the mining and refining functions in order to have direct entrance from the mining areas away. Accommodation areas are naturally getting denser and bigger structures appear. New government sieges and other socially relevant buildings will be built in strategically points such as the crossing point of the new ring axes.

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The following drawing shows the distribution of Residential Rings and Industrial Rings in the Gen II growing settlement. The „city center” is naturally filled in with Residential Rings while the oustkirts fo the city grow with Industrial Rings:

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